Labor Day is almost here, so we’ve compiled some fun facts about our nation’s workforce, courtesy of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and the U.S. Census Bureau.
There were 159.8 million people age 16 and over in the nation’s labor force as of May 2017. However, just 16.3 million wage and salary workers age 16 and over represented by a union in 2016.
This group included both union members (14.6 million) and workers who reported no union affiliation but whose jobs were covered by a union contract (1.7 million).
Among states, New York continued to have the highest union membership rate (23.6 percent), and South Carolina had the lowest rate (1.6 percent).
15.3 million employed female workers age 16 and over worked in a service occupations in 2015. Among male workers age 16 and over, 11.7 million were employed in service-related occupations.
There was a 1.8% increase in employment, or 143.7 million, in the United States between December 2015 and December 2016.
In December 2016, the 344 U.S. counties with 75,000 or more jobs accounted for 72.8 percent of total U.S. employment and 78.1 percent of total wages.
These 344 counties had a net job growth of 1.4 million over the year, which accounted for 80.7 percent of the overall U.S. employment increase.
How About the Money?
The 2015 real median earnings for male and female full-time, year-round workers was $51,212 and $40,742, respectively.
The 2015 real median household income of $56,516, an increase in real terms of 5.2 percent from the 2014 median of $53,718.
This was the first annual increase in median household income since 2007, the year before the most recent recession.